Wisdom Tooth

Wisdom tooth

The development of our teeth, starting from baby primary teeth, going on to permanent teeth, occurs in an extremely systematic manner. At the age of 6, our first adult molar erupts, followed by the second molars a few years later at the age of 12. There is another set of molars that are forming while the first two sets are appearing. They erupt around the age of 17 to 25. This is the set of third molars, and due the age at which they erupt are the years when people tend to become wiser, this set took on the name “wisdom teeth”.

Not everyone gets wisdom teeth.  One may get just one wisdom tooth or one may get up to four wisdom teeth. It has not yet been found as to why this number varies, but it has been very clear that those who do get these teeth may experience some problems.

Basically, our jaw is getting smaller and smaller as evolution progresses. In this regard, the wisdom teeth tend to get blocked by other teeth, obstructing their eruption. These non-erupted, hidden teeth cause an array of oral problems like displacement or crowding of teeth; one of the main causes for youngsters requiring braces. Sometimes cysts may form in the gum tissue around this tooth. These cysts may destroy the bone, or develop a tumour which can cause the jaw to break unexpectedly. Sometimes it may come out only partially and create a bothersome food trap in the adjoining gum tissue and hence becomes a breeding ground for infection causing bacteria. It is recommended to get these removed before any of the above mentioned problems begins to develop.

Wisdom Teeth Extraction

Having established that you need your tooth or teeth to be removed, you should visit a qualified dentist as soon as possible. The ease of your procedure depends on the state of your tooth. Your dentist will take x-rays or a CT 3-dimensional scan and assess the severity of the condition. They will then let you know what you should expect in terms of procedure, discomfort, treatment, medication and recovery. You may need to be referred to an oral surgeon who would carry out the actual procedure if they are severally impacted or if you have complicating medical issues. If the tooth has fully erupted, the extraction process would be the same as any other tooth.

However, if the wisdom tooth is partially or fully buried under the gum, then the extraction process is relatively different from normal tooth extraction. The dentist will put you on local anesthesia and create an incision in the gum, below which the tooth lies. Then he will cut through the bone covering the tooth. Such a tooth may need to be removed in pieces, since often the entire tooth is not easily accessible, without causing too much damage to the bone.

Recovery after such an extraction of the wisdom tooth requires a couple of days at the least, occasionally up to one week. There would be swelling in the jaw and cheek in the following weeks, but with full care being take, full recovery is made.

For more information or to get your wisdom tooth removed today, visit http://www.epsomdentalcare.co.nz/