Also known as false teeth, they are a replacement for missing teeth and tissues. They are usually worn by people to replace their missing teeth so they can enjoy their food properly and can have a confident smile on their face.

There are two types of dentures; complete and partial.

Complete Dentures

These are used when a person is missing all teeth in the upper and/or lower jaw while partial dentures are used when only some natural teeth are missing. These may be fastened to teeth with metal clasps or precision attachments.

Complete dentures can be conventional or immediate. Conventional ones are placed in mouth after the remaining teeth are removed and tissues have healed. One must wait for about eight to twelve weeks after the removal of teeth. Immediate ones on the other hand are made in advance and can be placed as soon as the teeth are taken out, due to which the patient does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, they have a disadvantage. They require more adjustments because during the healing process bones and gums shrink and then they do not fit properly so they require a reline to make them fit snugly again.

Removable Dentures

These usually consist of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum coloured plastic base which is connected by metal or plastic framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth. When one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw, partial dentures are used. Partial ones fill in the spaces created by missing teeth and also prevent other teeth from changing position. A precision partial denture is a very natural looking one as it is removable and has internal attachment instead of clasps that attach to adjacent crowns. These fit?

They can usually feel awkward for a few weeks initially but, the muscles of cheek and tongue learn to keep them in place eventually. Until the mouth becomes accustomed to them one might feel soreness or irritation and notice increase flow of saliva. Follow-up appointments with the dentist are generally needed after a denture is inserted so the fit can be checked and adjusted as required.

Dentures require good dental hygiene; brushing gums, tongue and roof of mouth every morning with a soft bristled brush before inserting them is very important as it stimulates circulation in tissues and helps remove plaque.

Like teeth, they should also be brushed daily to keep food particles and plaque away. It also prevents them from staining. One should always rinse dentures before brushing and use a soft bristle toothbrush and a non-abrasive cleanser to gently brush the dentures so that they don’t get scratched. When they are not being used, the wearer must put them in a safe place covered in water so that they don’t warp.

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